Henry J. Maxwell

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Henry J. Maxwell
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Died1906 (aged 68–69)
CitizenshipUnited States Of America
  • lawyer
  • soldier in the Union Arm
  • State senator
  • postmaster
  • Stephen J (father)
  • Thurston Johnson Maxwell (mother)

Henry Johnson Maxwell (1837 - 1906) was a lawyer, soldier in the Union Army, state senator, and postmaster in South Carolina.[1]

He was born free on Edisto Island to Stephen J. and Thurston Johnson Maxwell. He was a Sergeant in the 2nd Regiment Light Artillery U.S. Colored Troops. After the war, he worked for the Freedmen's Bureau in Bennettsville, South Carolina as a teacher.[1]

He served in the South Carolina Senate from 1868 until 1877 representing Marlboro County, South Carolina He served as postmaster of Bennettsville in 1869 and 1870. He joined the South Carolina Bar in 1871.[2]

Towards the end of the Reconstruction era as Democrats regained power, he was charged with bribery and resigned as a state senator. He was never tried.[3]

He was married twice, the second time to Martha Louisa Dibble Maxwell. He helped raise eight children.[1]

A historical marker is located at the site of his farm in Sumter County, South Carolina[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Henry J. Maxwell Farm on The Green Book website".
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Henry J. Maxwell Farm Historical Marker". www.hmdb.org.
  3. W. Lewis Burke (1 July 2017). All for Civil Rights: African American Lawyers in South Carolina, 1868–1968. University of Georgia Press. p. 84. ISBN 978-0-8203-5099-8.

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