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Ghana is a nation in West Africa that is formally known as the Republic of Ghana. It borders the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, and Togo in the east, and spans the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean in the south. It has boundaries with the Ivory Coast, Burkina Faso, and Togo. Geographically, Ghana has a land area of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), with a varied topography and ecosystem that includes everything from tropical rain forests and coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests. Ghana is the second-most populous nation in West Africa, behind Nigeria, with a population of about 31 million people. Accra, the country's capital and biggest city, is one of many important cities in Ghana, including Kumasi, Tamale, and Sekondi-Takoradi.

Ghana is a multicultural state that is home to a diverse range of ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups; although the Akan are the biggest ethnic group in Ghana, they are just a minority inside the country. Christian (71.2 percent) constitutes the overwhelming majority of Ghanaians, with close to a fifth belonging to the Muslim faith and a tenth belonging to traditional religions or claiming no religious affiliation. Accra is a unitary constitutional democracy governed by a president who serves as both the head of state and the head of the executive branch. For more than two decades, it has maintained one of the freest and most stable administrations on the continent, and it performs admirably in terms of health-care delivery, economic growth, and human development. Due to its membership in the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the Group of Twenty-Four (G24), and the Commonwealth of Nations, Ghana wields considerable power in West Africa and is deeply integrated in international politics.