Frederick L. Fuller

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Frederick L. Fuller
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BornFrederick Lincoln Fuller (1861-04-11)April 11, 1861
Norwich, Connecticut
DiedApril 29, 1943(1943-04-29) (aged 82)
Llewellyn Park, West Orange, New Jersey
Known forCash registers, proof machines
Rebecca Hamilton Bell (1865–1937)
(m. 1881; her death 1937)
Children1, Lucy May Fuller (born 1897)
  • Charles Chester Fuller (1832-1880)
  • Lucy May (Stead) Fuller (1834-1922)
  • Mary L. Fuller (sister, 1857-1911)
  • Charles Owen Fuller (brother, 1867-1957)
AwardsJohn Scott Medal (1892, Improvements in cash registers, indicators)

Frederick Lincoln Fuller (April 11, 1861 - April 29, 1943) was an American self-taught engineer and inventor of cash registers and business machines..[1] [2] He was a holder of many patents for various devices and mechanisms.

Personal Life

Frederick Lincoln Fuller was born April 11, 1861 in Greeneville, Norwich, Connecticut. [3] Fuller was the son of Charles Chester Fuller [4] and Lucy May (Stead) Fuller. [5] [6] He had one sister, Mary Fuller Gardner[7], and one brother, Charles Owen Fuller[8]

He married Rebecca Hamilton Bell on April 13, 1881 ( Mrs. Fuller was active in the New Jersey Children's Home Society. [9] [10]

They had one daughter, Lucy May Fuller. ( [11]

He was a descendant of Benjamin Franklin's sister on his mother's side. [6]

Mr. Fuller was a 32° Mason (Freemasonry).


He founded the Union Cash Register Company in Waterbury, Connecticut. [12]

In 1909, he joined the National Cash Register company (NCR Corporation) of Dayton, Ohio, as the head of their invention department. [13]

In 1917, he joined the Remington Arms Company of Bridgeport, Connecticut. [14] [15]

He retired in 1925. However, in 1927, he returned from his retirement to join International Business Machines (IBM) as chief inventor at the request of Thomas J. Watson. [16] [17] [18]

At IBM he developed the 801 Bank Proof machine (not to be confused with the 1975 IBM 801 experimental minicomputer) to expedite the handling of Cheque|checks. [2][17] [19] [20]


  1. "Fred L. Fuller patent". The Morning Call. Paterson, New Jersey. 1911-09-22. p. 10.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Frederick Fuller, inventor, was 82". The New York Times. 1943-04-30. p. 21.
  3. Greene, Nelson (1925). History of the Mohawk Valley, gateway to the West, 1614-1925;covering the six counties of Schenectady, Schoharie, Montgomery, Fulton, Herkimer, and Oneida. Chicago: S.J. Clarke. pp. 482–484.
  4. "Charles Chester Fuller (1832-1880)".
  5. "Lucy May Stead Fuller (1834-1922)".
  6. 6.0 6.1 Template:Cite new
  7. "Mary Fuller Gardner (1857-1911)".
  8. "Charles Owen Fuller (1867-1957)".
  9. "Silver gift for children's friend - Mrs. F. L. Fuller, Leaving Trenton, is Honored by her Fellow Workers". Trenton Evening News. 1909-03-12. p. 1.
  10. "Mrs. Frederick L. Fuller died". The New York Times. 1937-06-27. p. 37.
  11. "Lucy May wedding". Dayton Daily News. 1916-06-18. p. 18.
  12. "Union Computing Machine Company enlarges its factory - wins suit from National Cash Register Co". Hartford Courant. 1906-04-07. p. 14.
  13. "Fullers move from Trenton to Dayton (1909)". Trenton Evening Times. 1909-03-08. p. 10.
  14. "Frederick Fuller, moving to Bridgeport, Remington". Dayton Daily News. 1918-02-01. p. 4.
  15. "Remington Wins Cash Register Suit; Court of Appeals Upholds Its Right to Patents Claimed by National Company". The New York Times. 1926-02-25. p. 25.
  16. "Obituary for Frederick Lincoln Fuller (Aged 82)". The Cincinnati Enquirer. 1943-05-01. p. 8.
  17. 17.0 17.1 "IBM100 - The Automation of Personal Banking". 2012-03-07.
  18. Pugh, Emerson W. (1995). Building IBM: Shaping an Industry and Its Technology. MIT Press. p. 78.
  19. "IBM Archives: 1934 (IBM 801 Bank Proof machine)". 2003-01-23.
  20. "IBM event: Frederick L. Fuller demonstrating his machine to a crowd". The Briscoe Center Digital Collection.

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