|Born||19 March 1881|
Vicenza, Kingdom of Italy
|Died||5 August 1963 (aged 82)|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Italy|
|Service/||Kingdom of Italy|
|Years of service||1903–1943|
|Commands held||Sixth Army (Italy)|
Army Group East
|Battles/wars||World War I|
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
World War II
Ezio Rosi (3 March 1881 – 5 August 1963) was an talian general. During World War II, he commanded the Army of the Po between 1941 and early 1943, and was in control of Italy's Army Group East at the time of Operation Achse. Due to his refusal to join the Italian Social Republic, he was imprisoned in an Oflag in Poland before being transferred back to Italy to stand trial in 1944. He would be acquitted, and remain in Italy until his death.
Ezio Rosi was born on March 19th, 1881. He enrolled in an application school in Turin, graduating with the rank of second lieutenant. He later reached the rank of lieutenant in September 1903. During World War I, he was promoted to major on the 29th of April 1916.. By the war's end, he had reached the rank of lieutenant colonel, and had been awarded the Ordine della Corona d'Italia and Bronze Medal of Military Valor. On May 19, 1919, he was awarded the Military Order of Savoy and promoted colonel of the 11th Artillery Regiment.
Second Italo-Ethiopian War
By the 1930s, he held the rank of brigadier general. During the war with Ethiopia, he served as director general of logistics for the Italian Ministry of War. At the war's conclusion, he was promoted to divisional general for "exceptional merit." From 1937 to 1938 he succeeded Carlo Geloso as the commander of the 21st Infantry Division Granatieri di Sardegna.
World War II
Upon the outbreak of the second World War, Rosi commanded the 6th Army, which was then stationed in the vicinity of Bologna. On February 2nd, 1943, he was appointed Chief of Staff of the Italian Army |Chief of Staff, replacing Vittorio Ambrosio. Not much time was spent at this post, as he was transferred to Italy's Army Group East headquartered in Tirana after three months.
On September 8th 1943, he attempted to coordinate resistance against the Germans upon hearing an Ente Italiano per le Audizioni Radiofoniche broadcast announcing the Armistice of Cassibile. Rosi was taken prisoner by Luftwaffe general Walter Gnamm and sent to Belgrade. He was temporarily replaced with general Renzo Dalmazzo in order to disarm the Italian units formerly under Rosi's command.
His refusal to join the Republic of Salo resulted in his deportation to Lager 64/Z in Schokken. As punishment for his continued refusal to collaborate with the Germans, he was transferred to a camp in Thorn
Rosi later was extradited to Italy and put on trial, beginning on January 28, 1944. It ended in his acquittal, and Rosi was freed from prison in January 1945. His anti-German sentiments resulted in him being placed on close surveillance, which ended end upon the war's Surrender of Caserta in Italy.
Rosi died in Bologna on August 5th, 1963 at the age of 82.
- Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d'Italia n.207 del 2 settembre 1903.
- Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d'Italia n.126 del 29 maggio 1916.
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