E.N. Rammohan

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Edavelath Nalamveetil Rammohan
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Born(1940-11-20)November 20, 1940
Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu
DiedApril 8, 2018(2018-04-08) (aged 77)
Alma materChurch Park Convent, Chennai
OccupationIPS officer
  • N.P. Laxmanan (father)
  • E.K. Radha (mother)

E.N. Rammohan (Edavelath Nalamveetil Rammohan) (20 November 1940 – 08 April 2018) was an Indian Police Service (Indian Police Service) officer of the 1965 batch, who served in many of India’s police and paramilitary organisations. He retired as Director General (DG) of the Border Security Force (Border Security Force), a leading paramilitary force of India, tasked with guarding the country’s borders.[1]


E.N. Rammohan was born in Coimbatore to an educated Malayali family that moved to Madras (now Chennai) when he was three years old. His parents were N.P. Laxmanan and E.K. Radha. His early school years were at Church Park Convent, Chennai, and he then moved to Christian College High School, Chennai. He finished school at 14 and went on to study a Bachelors in Science and a Masters in Zoology at Presidency College, Chennai. At college he played cricket and hockey, sports that he also enjoyed playing later at the National Police Academy. He also starting practising weightlifting, using the large grinding stones at home, typically found in South Indian kitchens.[2]


While he was always keen to join the army, his father wouldn’t allow it and so he took up a job as a teacher and housemaster at Sainik School, Bhuvaneshwar, in Odisha (then Orissa), where he worked for two years. Several of his students at Sainik School went on to become senior Army officers. While he was there he took the Civil Services exam and qualified for the IPS (1965 batch). He chose to join the Assam Cadre as he wanted a life of adventure and India’s north east was a lesser-known region to him at the time. He began his career as SDPO Sibsagar and as Additional SP Guwahati. In 1970 he went on deputation as the second-in-command of a battalion in the ITBP (Indo-Tibetan Border Police. Over the next couple of years he commanded an ITBP training centre. His stint also included doing courses on guerrilla warfare. He then came to ITBP headquarters in New Delhi. In 1976 he went to Meghalaya state as Superintendent of Police (SP) – East Khasi Hills district, based in Shillong. In 1978 he went on deputation as SP, CBI (Central Bureau of Investigation) for the North East and in 2979 he had a second tenure as SP, Shillong. In 1981 he was posted as DIG (Deputy Inspector General), Northern Range (Assam), based in Tezpur. He held charge during a tense time of ethnic riots and during the 1983 Assam elections. In 1984 he went on deputation as DIG heading an Sashastra Seema Bal (Shasastra Seema Bal), training centre in Halflong, Assam, and later that year moved to Delhi as a founding member of the NSG (National Security Guard). From 1987-1990 he served as DIG, CBI, for Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, based in Hyderabad, and returned to CBI headquarters in Delhi in June 1990 as IG (Inspector General). In November 1990 he went to Assam as IG Operations when President’s Rule was imposed in the state. He worked closely with the Army in counter-insurgency operations including Operation Rhino. In February 1993 he went on deputation as IG Central Reserve Police Force. North East and later that year in June 1993 the government sought his services in Jammu & Kashmir, as IG BSF based at Srinagar. In 1995 he came to BSF headquarters in Delhi as IG Operations and Personnel and in December 1997 he was appointed DG BSF, a tenure he held for three years till his retirement in November 2000.[3] During his tenure as DG BSF, the force also contributed during the Kargil War.[4] Rammohan also led the BSF in its bi-annual border talks with Pakistan and Bangladesh during these years.[5]

Post-retirement, he was Advisor to the Governor of Manipur from June 2001-March 2002. He advised the government in various capacities on counter-insurgency and border management issues. In 2010 he was appointed by the Union Home Ministry to investigate the events leading to the attack and killing of April 2010 Maoist attack in 76 CRPF jawans in Dantewada.[6] His report submitted to the Union Home Ministry has not been made public. He also travelled with a fact-finding mission of civil society organisations to Gujarat in the aftermath of the 2002 Gujarat riots. Riots.[7]

He wrote numerous articles and research papers on border management and counter-insurgency and spoke extensively at seminars and symposia. He was outspoken in his views about the root causes of insurgency and how it could not have only a police or military solution. He spoke strongly in favour of the Fifth Schedule of the Indian Constitution that protects the rights of tribal people in India. He believed the denial of land rights and non-implementation of land-ceiling laws was one of the root causes of insurgency. Another reason he mentioned was the exploitation of tribal people, when it came to accessing forest produce or mineral rights to their land.[8]

Personal life

Mr Rammohan was married in 1969 to K.M. Prema, who has an MSc in Botany. They had two children. Their son Major K.E. Padmanabhan was a pilot in the Indian Army Aviation Corps. He died in a helicopter crash during a casualty evacuation mission in Ladakh on 15 August 2008. Major Padmanabhan received a Sena Medal for Gallantry and his name is engraved on a column at the National War Memorial (India) in Delhi. Their daughter K.E. Priyamvada (an alumnus of Lady Shri Ram College and Jawaharlal Nehru University) is a publishing professional, based in Delhi. She was the winner of Mastermind India (a solo quiz show on BBC World) in 2000 and is the author of several books.[9]



  • President's Police Medal for Distinguished Service (1991)
  • ZEE TV – Ananya Samman for Lifetime Achievement (2010)


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