Dionisije Miković

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Dionisije Miković (Serbian Cyrillic: Дионисије Ђ. Миковић ; List of populated places in Montenegro, 1861 - 1942) was a Serbian Orthodox Church, publicist, writer, ethnographer and national worker. He was the editor of the influential Srpski magazin (Serbian Magazine) during Austria-Hungary.

Biography

Dimitrije Miković who joined the monastic order and received the name of Dionisije, was born in Paštrovići, on List of populated places in Montenegro, in 1861 to father Đuro and mother Stana (née Kazanegre). In his early childhood, he became seriously ill, and after a miraculous recovery in the Praskvica Monastery, his parents, according to his will, handed him over to the monastery in the fifth year of his life to study theology. After twelve years of study, he passed all the exams with the highest grade before Bishop Gerasim Petranović. At the age of eighteen, he became a monk and a parish priest in the monasteries of Praskvica, Gradište and List of Serbian Orthodox monasteries. At his own request, he went to the Banja Monastery, where he worked on the upbringing and education of young monks. Due to his merits, Bishop Gerasim made him abbot, on 6 December 1891, in the cathedral church of St. Nicholas in Kotor.

Dionisije Miković first appeared in literary articles in 1881 in "Slovinac", and then became a contributor to the most important literary magazines of the time: "Javora", "Glas istine", "Glas Crnogorca", "Srpski list", "Srpski list", "Luče", " Education "," Bosnian-Herzegovinian East "," Dubrovnik "and" Bosnian Villas ". [1]

Abbot Dionisije expressed his deep patriotism through his literary and journalistic work. The author of his biography in "Bosanska vila" Bogdan R. Milanović also noted the following: "His whole life is nothing but a court and a treat to higher ideals: Serbia and Eastern Orthodoxy." In the person of Abbot Dionisij Miković, his contemporaries most often emphasized honesty, modesty and self-sacrificing, hard work, which weakened his fragile health.

"I owe a great debt to the family and the church, so I should also contribute at least a pebble to the altar of Serbian unity, founded in every noble and patriotic Serbian heart; and to serve my humble forces to God and the people on duty!" - Abbot Dionisije replied to his friends, who worried about his health.

He was persecuted and imprisoned for his national work. After the outbreak of the First World War, Dionisije Miković was sentenced to five years in prison in Kotor in 1914 (due to illness, the prison was replaced by house arrest). After the outbreak of the World War II, Miković was persecuted by the Italian occupiers. In 1941, he was forced to leave Risan and the Banja Monastery, where he spent more than half a century.

He died on 2 June 1942.

Publishing his biography on the front page of "Bosanska vila", Nikola T. Kašiković included him in the list of famous Serbs and inscribed his name in the "Vila" monument, to his descendants for unforgettable reasons.

Literary and scientific work

Dionisije Miković first appeared in "Bosanska vila" in 1887, as a collector. In the issue of October 20, 16, the folk song Đevojka bor sadila from the unprinted collection of Serbian folk songs by Dionisije Miković" was published. In a note to the song, the recorder noted: "This song is sung in the Serbian Boka Kotorska. It is usually sung by women...."

Thirteen original works by Dionisije Miković were published in "Bosanska vila" from 1888 to 1904: poetic, prose, ethnographic, literary-critical and cultural-historical. His most extensive work published in Kasiković's journal is certainly the study of the Reževići monastery: the Serbian Orthodox Holy Dormition Monastery Reževići in Paštrovići in Bay of Kotor.

This kind of monograph of the Reževići Monastery was published in ten sequels in 1899, from the second to the last issue of that year, "Vile". Dionisije Miković accurately quoted written documents that prove that the Režević Monastery was built on the site of the Church of the Assumption, which was built by Stefan Prvovenčani.

Dionisije Miković also published a book on church history, the Serbian-Orthodox Bishopric of Boka Kotorska (Dubrovnik, 1907–8), which the magazine Bosanska vila reported on in the Vol. 8 issue of 1907. The Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts awarded this work from the fund of Archimandrite Nićifor Dučić with 30,000 dinars in gold.

An ethnographic article on wedding customs in Paštrovići called Paštrovska svadba, which the author dedicated to the Pashtrov youth, "Bosanska vila" was published in eleven sequels in 1891. In the first article, a kind of preface (A few words ahead), Miković appeals to the unification of dismembered Serbia, preservation and nurturing of Serbian traditions and customs: "Our customs can be justifiably envied by far happier and more advanced peoples; They are our ancestral legacy."

He also published four short stories in "Bosanska vila": Me and She (1888), Goodbye Mother (1889), Popih svoju krv (1889) and Mara Musovicka (1904). They are written in a realistic style, in folk style. The author placed personalities and places from his homeland at the center of the narrative, describing events from the past, from the Turkish time. On the front page of "Bosanska vila" from February 15, 1897, a biography of the Serbian writer Vid Vuletić Vukasović by Dionisije Miković was published.

References

  1. Босанска вила, бр. 18. Сарајево. 1898.

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