The word “ Daisi” or “Desi” (in urdu ڈیسی) is the root of the word "deswal". Which means "Local or natives” or Landlord. They belong to the "Jutt Family” of castes. Different words like Desy, Dessi, Dasy, Dhesi are used to identify this nation on the basis of language and accent. In urdu, the words ڈیسی، دیسی، یا ڈھیسی are used. The main languages of the people of this nation are Seraiki and Punjabi while the families living in Sindh speaks Sindhi.
The details of this caste found in Muzaffargarh, according the the magazine published in July 1932, are that the Desi people lived on the island of Lispan (Spain), and that the people who converted to Islam after Tariq bin Ziad's invasion and conquest of Spain. But they became part of the Muslim army and when Muhammad bin Qasim invaded Sindh, those peoples was part of his army and later settled in different parts of the subcontinent. They adopted farming as their profession. In addition, before the partition of the subcontinent, Muzaffargarh was inhabited by two famous nations, one Daha and the other Daisi. Researchers say that these are two names of the same nation, while in the present era these two nations are counted separately.
The first book written on the history of Multan, “The History of Multan District”, published in 1884, written by Munshi Hukam Chand (Extra Assistant Commissioner, Multan). The author is silent about arrival of Desy family but this community is identified with the word "desi". According to this, it was Allah Dad Khan Desi and Manu Khan Desi who settled this nation in the subcontinent region who laid the foundation of Mouza Daisi in Lohran about two hundred years before from 1884 in Tiba Nowshera.
A book entitled "Punjab Castes" was written in 1883 on the census of 1881 by Mr. Denzil Ibbetson. In this book, he was identified as belonging to the "Jutt" tribe and was referred to as Jutt Deh. They was the cultivator. These people lived in the southeast and came from the west. There were people of all three religions, Muslims, Hindus and Sikhs in Jutt Deha. Those who farmed were named Dese Jat, who at that time lived and farmed in the Sutlej Valley. At the same time, the term Muslim Dese Jat was used for the Muslim class. But nothing is written here about their first settlement. According to this report of 1881, the peoples of the Desy Caste in different parts of the Indian subcontinent consisted of 15379 persons out of which about 9000 persons were living in present day South Punjab.
In this book also mentions a tribe called "Dalal" living in Rohtak who claimed to be Rajputs. According to them, roud about 30 generations ago a Rathore king married a Gujar woman and they have Four sons were Dalal, Deswal, Mann, Siwak (Siwal?). Out of them separate branches were formed which claimed to be Rajputs. But Deswal denies, they claimed and cites his source from the "Jutt" tribe. Furthermore, in this book, Deswal is called the Men of the Country, and it is also written that many of them were local Muslims and up to Rohtak at that time. , Karnal, Hisar and Ajmer. At present there is a railway station in India called "Deswal"
Indeed the peoples of Daisi Caste belongs to the "Jatt tribe" of castes who are "non-Rajputs" and are mostly farmers (cultivator).
Settlement in the Indian subcontinent
According to historical references, when Muhammad bin Qasim advanced towards Multan, his army also passed through the present district of Lodhran. During the encampment in this area, some people settled there and settled a few settlements, including Nowshera Lodhran. According to sources, the 1st settler of Daisi Caste (Family) in Nowshera was “Khan Allah Dad Khan Daisi” and the other settlement was the “Manu Khan Naseerabad”.
Some of the families from the Daisi community had settled in Mouza Daisi, but most of the peoples of that families remained engaged in wars and spread to different parts of the subcontinent. The families who took part in the wars before the partition of Pakistan and India and spread to different parts of the subcontinent. When Pakistan was formed, they migrated from India to Pakistan because they were Muslims and settled in different parts of Pakistan. While non-Muslims migrated from Pakistan to India. In these days there is an area in Faisalabad called Chuck No. 53, 54 ن، گ، ب which is known as Desy wala. It is confirmed that the Mouza Daisi in Lodhran and the daisy populations in Muzaffargarh are already inhabited by the subcontinent.
So far this nation has settled in different cities of Pakistan. Most of the families of this Desy Community live in South Punjab. Among them Mouza Daisi Lodhran, Bahawalpur District, Shahjamal, Muradabad and Alipur, District Muzaffargarh and Basti Malik, Bosan Road, Basti Aroka and the areas of Nawabpur in Multan. Apart from them, Khanewal, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Mianwali and Khushab have large numbers of this nation. In Punjab, they lived in Sahiwal, Vehari, Bahawalnagar, Dera Ismail Khan, Bhakkar, Dera Ghazi Khan, Makhdoom Rashid, Rajanpur and in Sindh, Ghotki, Kashmore, Khairpur Mirs and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
Different words and titles are used for this family/caste based on region, language and accent. Such as Daisi, Desi, Desy, Dhesi etc. And the people of this family usually add "Malik" and "Khan" as a Prefix / Suffix to their name while the people of this community living in Sahiwal, Faisalabad, Bahawalnagar and surrounding areas add their own. The name is followed by "Chaudhry" and the community in Mianwali, Khushab uses the prefix "Mian".
- The History of Multan District / Munshi Hukam Chand
- Ibbetson، Denzil (1881). Panjab Castes- India
- Denzil Ibbetson|Sir Denzil Charles Jelf Ibbetson KCSI (30 August 1847 – 21 February 1908)