The study of algorithmic processes, computational devices, and computing itself is referred to as computer science. A broad variety of subjects are covered by computer science as a field. These topics include the mathematical theory of algorithms, computing, and information, as well as the practical problems associated with the implementation of computational systems in hardware and software.
Its subjects may be split into two categories: theoretical disciplines and practical disciplines. For example, the theory of computing is concerned with abstractions of computation and broad classes of problems that may be addressed using these models, while computer graphics or computational geometry are concerned with more particular applications of computation. Algorithms and data structures are sometimes referred to as the "heart" of computer science because of their importance. Programming language theory is concerned with methods to the modelling of computing processes, while computer programming is concerned with the use of programming languages to the creation of sophisticated systems. Computer architecture is the description of the building of computer components and computer-operated equipment (see Computer Architecture). In order to synthesise goal-oriented processes like as problem-solving, decision-making, environmental adaptability, planning and learning that are present in humans and animals, artificial intelligence is being developed. A digital computer has the capability of simulating a wide range of information processes and operations. The basic issue of computer science is the determination of what can and cannot be automated in certain situations. The majority of computer scientists devote their time to academic research. The Turing Award is often regarded as the most prestigious honour in the field of computer science and engineering.