Carlo Semenza

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Carlo Semenza
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Born (1949-10-01) October 1, 1949 (age 72)
NationalityItalian
CitizenshipItaly
EducationMedicine
Alma materUniversity of Padua
Occupation
  • Neuropsychologist
  • Cognitive neuroscientist

Carlo Semenza (born October 1, 1949) is an Italian neuropsychologist and cognitive neuroscientist. Carlo Semenza’s research activity mostly contributed to the field of aphasiology, neuropsychology of language, and numerical cognition.

Life and work

Semenza graduated in Medicine at the University of Padua in 1974, and in the same University he obtained his specialization in Psychiatry (1978)[1]. During his specialization he developed a special interest in the growing field of neuropsychology, and in the study on how brain damage could have specific effects on cognition. His interest in neuropsychology flourished during the time spent as a research fellow at the Boston VA Hospital between late 70s and beginning of 80s. During that time interval, he attended some of the seminars by Jerry Fodor, and his view of a modular mind strongly influenced his future work. Semenza’s work initially spanned from spatial cognition to aphasia[2][3], but soon started to focus on specific aspects of language processing as proper name anomia. In his seminal work of 1989 he reported one of the first cases of a patient whose use of common nouns was unimpaired, but selectively could not remember proper names, suggesting that proper nouns have a specific representation in the brain, distinct from the representation of common nouns. His later studies encompass other aspects of language, including semantics and morphology, as well as calculation impairments in patients with neurological diseases. Between the 90s and the first years of 2000s he focused on the study of language and especially on morphology, conducting several studies on the processing of mass and count nouns, and compound words in patients with aphasia or other neurological diseases. Since 2010, his work focused on numerical cognition in neuropsychological conditions. He published several studies underlining the need of better characterising the role of right-hemisphere in numerical processing[4] [5] and promoted the importance of taking into account the impact of numerical abilities in the activities of daily living in neurological patients [6][7].

Scientific advisory activity

  • I.R.C.C.S. Ospedale S.Camillo, Venice Lido, Italy
  • Istituto Auxologico Italiano, Verbania, Italy
  • Medical Research Council of Canada (site visit to Centre de Gériatrie, Cotes des Neiges, Montreal)
  • Boston VA Hospital (Research Fellow)

Affiliations

Carlo Semenza is now affiliated to several international and national societies, such as the International Neuropsychology Symposium, Academy of Aphasia (member Board of Governors), World Federation of Neurology, and the Società Italiana Neuropsicologia. Since 2020 he is a member of the Academia Europæa[8]. Carlo Semenza is also a cofounder of the European Workshop on Cognitive Neuropsychology[9]

References

  1. "Carlo Semenza CV". Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  2. Bisiacchi, Patrizia; Denes, Franco; Semenza, Carlo (1976). "Semantic field in aphasia: an experimental investigation on comprehension of the relations of class and property". Schweiz. Arch. Neurol. Neurochir. Psychiatr. 118 (2): 207–13. PMID 948732.
  3. Denes, Franco; Semenza, Carlo; Stoppa, Edoardo; Lis, Elisabetta (1980). "Unilateral spatial neglect and recovery from hemiplegia: a follow-up study". Brain. 105 (3): 534-552.
  4. Semenza, Carlo; Benavides-Varela, Silvia (2017). "Reassessing lateralization in calculation". Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B Biol. Sci. 373 (1740): 1-10. doi:10.1098/rstb.2017.0044. PMC 5784048. PMID 29292349.
  5. Karolis, Vyacheslav R.,; Corbetta, Maurizio; Thiebaut de Schotten, Michel. "The architecture of functional lateralisation and its relationship to callosal connectivity in the human brain". Nature Communication. 10: 1-9.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  6. Arcara, Giorgio; Burgio, Francesca; Benavides-Varela, Silvia; Toffano, Roberta; Gindri, Patrizia; Tonini, Elisabetta; Meneghello, Francesca; Semenza, Carlo. "Numerical Activities of Daily Living – Financial (NADL-F): A tool for the assessment of financial capacities". Neuropsychological Rehabilitation: 1-23.
  7. Semenza, Carlo; et, al. (2014). "A new clinical tool for assessing numerical abilities in neurological diseases: numerical activities of daily living". Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience. 6: 112. doi:10.3389/fnagi.2014.00112. PMC 4115360. PMID 25126077.
  8. "Carlo Semenza". Academia Europaea. Retrieved 27 September 2020.
  9. "European Workshop on Cognitive Neuropsychology". European Workshop on Cognitive Neuropsychology. Retrieved 27 September 2020.

External links

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