Branko Kitanović

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Branko Kitanović
In office
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byBatrić Mijović
Personal details
Born18. september 1935
Ferizaj,Kosovo Kingdom of Yugoslavia
Died17 decembar 2011 (age 76)
Political partyNew Communist Party of Yugoslavia
  • Journalist
  • Writer
  • Translation
AwardsOrder of Lenin

Branko Kitanović(Serbian Бранко Китановић;Born 18. september 1935)he was a Serbian and Yugoslav writer, publicist, translator and journalist,he was also General Secretary of the New Communist Party of Yugoslavia.

Early Life

He was born on September 18, 1935 in Ferizaj, where his father was serving at the time. He grew up in a communist-oriented family and was brought up in the spirit of socialism from an early age. As a child, he spent almost the entire course of World War II on the run with Yugoslav partisans. His parents and almost all his relatives took part in the People's Liberation War of Yugoslavia and the socialist revolution in Yugoslavia. Although a child, Branko himself contributed to the war. Listening to Radio Moscow in the headquarters of the partisan detachments, he later eloquently and in detail told the fighters and sympathizers of the National Liberation War the advance of the units of the Soviet Red Army in the conflict with Nazi Germany. It was at this time that Branko developed a great love for the Soviet Union that he did not leave until the last day of his life. After the end of the war, Branko finished primary and secondary school, moved with his family to Belgrade, where he enrolled at the Faculty of Law, University of Belgrade.

As a student, at the time when he was the vice-president of the Federation of Students of Yugoslavia, in 1956 he was arrested with a group of his colleagues in Belgrade because they organized trips to the House of Soviet Culture. The alleged crime they committed was watching Soviet feature and documentary films shown there. That is why Branko Kitanović spent a month in prison.

Political involvement

During 1963, Branko Kitanović, with a group of prominent writers, including Desanka Maksimović, Branko Ćopić and Mihailo Lalić, planned to found the weekly Glas Epohe, which would spread a realistic approach to literature. However, fearing that this was "Soviet propaganda", the regime organized an attack on the founders of the list, which Đuro Pucar described in the press as "Zhdanovljevci". Shortly afterwards, Branko received a call-up for the army in 1964, although according to the law, as a child, a participant in the war should not go. On the last day of the army, he was arrested by the military police on charges of "enemy propaganda". At the trial, as a friend of the Soviet Union, he was sentenced to three and a half years in prison. During the period of SFR Yugoslavia, Branko Kitanović became a prominent writer and translator. He wrote numerous books related to the history of the Second World War, and he also wrote historical novels and scientific works.

He is considered the author who published the most feuilletons in SFR Yugoslavia. He was a member of the Association of Writers of Yugoslavia and the Association of Translators. In addition to writing books, he also works as a publicist and translator. They marry Tatjana and have a daughter Valentina.

His book "The Man Who Shaken the Third Reich" experienced several editions in SFR Yugoslavia, a film based on it was made in Czechoslovakia, and the book was also published in the USSR under the title "The Man Who Didn't Know Fear".

On June 30, 1990, Branko Kitanović and a group of like-minded people founded the New Communist Movement of Yugoslavia at the Club of Engineers and Technicians in Belgrade, which later changed its name to the New Communist Party of Yugoslavia (NKPJ).[1] At the founding congress, Branko was elected secretary-general and held that position for 21 years until his death.

He is the holder of several domestic and foreign awards. He was awarded the Russian Order of Lenin, the Order of Stalin and a number of others. He was a member of the editorial board of the magazine "Marxism and Modernity", which is published in Ukraine.


  1. Vance, C.; Paik, Y. (2006). Managing a Global Workforce: Challenges and Opportunities in International Human Resource Management. M.E. Sharpe. p. 503. ISBN 978-0-7656-2016-3. Retrieved 16 January 2021. In addition to YUL and the LC-MY, a New Communist Party of Yugoslavia (NCPY) also operated in the country, led by its president Branko Kitanović. None of these formations could garner any significant popular backing, and they virtually ...

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