Biological engineering, often known as bioengineering, is the application of biological principles to engineering techniques in order to generate things that are useable, palpable, and economically feasible. A wide range of pure and applied sciences are used in biological engineering, including mass and heat transfer, kinetics, biocatalysts, biomechanics, bioinformatics, separation and purification processes, bioreactor design, surface science, fluid dynamics, thermodynamics, polymer science, and polymer science. It is utilised in the design of medical devices, diagnostic equipment, biocompatible materials, renewable energy, ecological engineering, agricultural engineering, process engineering, catalysis, and other fields that help to raise the living standards of people throughout the world, among other things.
Microbes that create chemicals, innovative medical imaging technologies, portable and speedy disease diagnostic gadgets, prostheses, biopharmaceuticals, and tissues produced from stem cells are all examples of bioengineering research. Bioengineering has significant overlap with biotechnology and the biomedical sciences in a manner that is akin to the way that many other types of engineering and technology have significant overlap with various other disciplines in science (such as aerospace engineering and other space technology to kinetics and astrophysics).
The primary goal of biological engineers is to either produce products that resemble biological systems or change and regulate biological systems in order to improve their performance. Medical bioengineers collaborate with physicians and other healthcare professionals to address biological processes, including ways to replace, augment, sustain, or predict chemical and mechanical processes. Bioengineers also collaborate with researchers to develop new methods of predicting chemical and mechanical processes.