Beijing, sometimes known as Peking in certain circles, is the capital of the People's Republic of China. It is the world's most populated national capital, with more than 21 million people living within an administrative area of 16,410.5 km2 and making it the world's most populous city overall (6336 sq. mi.). It is situated in Northern China and is administered as a municipality under the direct administration of the State Council. It is divided into 16 urban, suburban, and rural districts, and it has a population of over a million people. Apart from the adjacent city of Tianjin to the southeast, Beijing is entirely surrounded by Hebei Province; the three divisions that comprise the Jingjinji megalopolis, which serves as China's national capital area, are joined together by a bridge.
Beijing is a worldwide metropolis that is home to some of the world's most important centres of culture, diplomacy, and politics, commerce and economics, education, language, and science and technology. Beijing is also the capital of China. Beijing, a megacity, is the second - largest city in Chinese by urban population after Shanghai and serves as the country's cultural, educational, and political hub. Beijing is also the nation's cultural, educational, and political centre. There are headquarters for most of China's major state-owned businesses in the city, as well as the world's greatest number of Fortune Global 500 corporations and four of the world's top financial institutions in terms of total assets. Beijing is known as the "billionaire capital of the globe," since it is home to the greatest number of billionaires in the world. It also serves as a key centre for the nation's roadway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks, as well as other transportation systems. Since 2010, Beijing Capital International Airport has been the world's second busiest airport by passenger traffic (and Asia's busiest), while the city's subway system is the world's busiest and longest, according to the International Telecommunications Union. The Beijing Daxing International Airport, the city's second international airport and the world's biggest single-structure airport terminal, is the world's largest single-structure airport terminal.
Known as one of the world's oldest cities, Beijing has a long and illustrious history that dates back more than three millennia. The city's architecture blends contemporary and ancient styles, and it is one of the world's most populous cities. Beijing, the last of China's Four Great Ancient Capitals, has served as the country's political centre for the majority of the previous eight centuries, and it was the world's most populous metropolis for most of the second millennium AD. Beijing the capital of the China. Beijing was deliberately positioned and built to be the home of the emperor, and as a result, it was the ideal site for the imperial capital, with mountains encircling the interior city on three sides, in addition to the ancient inner and outer city walls. Aesthetically pleasing palaces, temples, parks and gardens are among the many attractions in the city. The city's walls and gates are also noteworthy. It is home to seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Forbidden City, the Temple of Heaven, the Summer Palace, the Ming Tombs, Zhoukoudian, and sections of the Great Wall and the Grand Canal, all of which are famous tourist destinations in and of themselves. Siheyuans, the city's traditional dwelling type, and hutongs, the small alleyways between siheyuans, are both popular tourist attractions in Beijing and can be found across the city.