Avram Đukić

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Avram Đukić
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Born10 February 1844
DiedMarch 17, 1906(1906-03-17) (aged 62)
Vienna, Austria-Hungary
  • Historian
  • Military General

Avram Đukić (Gospodjinci, Habsburg Empire, 10 February 1844 - Vienna, Austria-Hungary, 17 March 1906) was a Serbian historian and General (military)|general in the Austro-Hungarian service.


He was born in Šajkaška in the village of Gospodjinci, to father Stevan and mother Jula[1] After primary school in his hometown, he also attended a German primary school in the headquarters in Titel. He studied mathematics at the military school in Titel (1859-1861) and after the Cadet School in Timisoara (1867-1868), where he became an Austrian officer. On 1 November 1860, he entered the military service as a corporal of the Titel battalion. He served in Benkovac in the Dalmatian Home Guard Rifle Battalion until October 1873. He attended a two-year quartermaster's course in Vienna (1873-1875), and in the officer's quartermaster's service he reached the rank of intendant general in 1900 in Prague. He distinguished himself by his work as the intendant of the 10th Austrian Corps, and he was awarded several times for his merits. In Zadar, in 1885, he received the Military Order of Maria Theresa -- the Knight's Cross -- from Franz Joseph for his zealous service. He served in Vienna, Zadar, Prague, and again in Vienna. He was married to Sofia, the eldest daughter of Serbian Orthodox prelate Nikola Beljanski[2] [3]Avram Đukić was a member of Matica srpska in Novi Sad. He left behind a handwritten autobiography to the library archives of Matica srpska [4].

He died on 17 March 1906 in Vienna.[5]


As a historian, he used archival material that was not readily available to researchers[6]He mostly dealt with the past of the Krajina Šajkaši of the Titel battalion of his homeland. He studied the history of the Serbs in Hungary, mostly the Great Migration, the history of the Šajkaš and the Serbian hussar regiment, then the Revolution of 1848, and with many sacrifices, he examined the lives of the Serbs who were Austrian officers. He left a great work in the manuscript to the Matica Srpska: Serbian Generals and Colonels in Austro-Hungary from 1704 to the present day. From there he published The Life of Aron Stanisavljević, Baron von Wellenstreit[7](Brankovo ​​Kolo, No. 9, 1903). Towards the end of his life, he collected archival material for the uprising of Pera Segedinac and for the migration of Serbs to New Serbia|Imperial Russia.

Other important works:

  • When the Serbs met with Patriarch Arsenije III Crnojević, immigrated to the lands of the Hungarian crown? (Javor, 1891),[8]
  • Three letters of Patriarch Arsenije III. Crnojević (Letopis, 219),
  • Evaluation of the book by Mihailo Vitković,
  • The Past,
  • Institution and monuments of the Hungarian royal sailors (Letopis, 157),
  • A look back at the history of the Austrian-Hungarian Danube fleet (1889),
  • Participation of the Titel Krajina Šajkaš Battalion in the Austro-Turkish War from 1788 to 1791,[9]
  • Something for history about the Serbian Hussar Regiments of Serbian Krajina (Naše doba, 1894),
  • The Titel Krajina Šajkaš battalion during the people's Revolution of 1848 (Letopis, 193, 105, 196, and 204).


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