Abu Said Al-Sirafi

From Wikitia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Abu Said Al-Sirafi
Add a Photo
Born284 AH
Siraf, Iran
Died368 AH
Baghdad, Iraq
Educationsyntax, jurisprudence (Fiqh), linguistics, poetry, lawful duties, arithmetics, oration, poetry, poetics (rhymes metre), Qur’an, hadith, and engineering
Known forBasra syntax

Al-Sirafi (284 AH - 368 AH): Abu Sa`id Al-Hasan bin Abdullah Al-Marzaban Al-Sirafi, the Syntax known as Al-Qadi. He was born in Bandar Siraf, and it is where he began to seek knowledge. He left it before his twenties and went to Oman to study. Then, he returned to Siraf, and went to Askar Makram and stayed there with Abi Muhammad Ibn Umar, the Speaker (politics), who presented him and preferred him over all his companions. He entered Baghdad, and became the successor of judge Abu Muhammad Ibn Ma’arouf on the eastern side and then the eastern and western sides. He was the best of knowledge of Basra syntax. He recited The Holy Qur'an: Text, Translation and Commentary on Abu Bakr Ibn Mujāhid, Arabic language on Ibn Duraid, and the syntax on Abi Bakr Ibn al-Sarraj. People used to work on it in several arts: the Holy Qur’an and its recitations, the study of the Qur’an, syntax, linguistics, jurisprudence (Fiqh), lawful duties, Arithmetic, Public speaking, poetry, poetics (rhymes metre).

His morals and merits

Abu Said was an Asceticism who did not eat except for what he earned with his hand, and he did not go out of his house to the ruling council or to the teaching council every day except after he had copied ten papers, taking ten dirhams for their wages, the amount of his supplies, then he went out to his council. Abū Hayyān al-Tawhīdī said in the praising report of Al-Sirafi: Abu Said Al-Sirafi is the chief leader of Sheikh, and the chief leader of the Imam in knowledge of syntax, jurisprudence (Fiqh), linguistics, poetry, lawful duties, arithmetics, oration, poetry, poetics (rhymes metre), Qur’an, hadith, and engineering. He was the religious Jurist in Al-Rusafa, Iraq mosque for fifty years on the doctrine of Abu Hanifa school and was never mistaken or had a slip of a tongue. His father was a Zoroastrianism, so when he converted to Islam, he called him Abdullah. And there was between him and Abu al-Faraj al-Isfahani, the author of Kitab al-Aghani (the Book of Songs), similar to what is usual between the virtues of competition.

His debate with Matta bin Younus

Abu Said has a famous debate with the Logic Matta bin Younus in the council of the minister Ja'far ibn al-Furat. Abu Said was a critic of Greek logic, especially Aristotle, and saw it as an intruder to the Arabs and not a transcendent global logic, so he used to say Aristotle's logic is about Greece. To clarify his purpose, he presented an example, which is the letter O (waw), and he said that the meanings of the waw for Aristotle differ from the meanings of the waw among the Arabs. The debate ended with the minister's admission of the victory of Abi Said, but Matta did not acknowledge them on this.

His death

He died on Monday, the second of Rajab in the year 368 AH in Baghdad, at the age of eighty-four, and was buried in Al-Khayzaran cemetery. It was said that he died in the year sixty-four, and it was said in the year sixty-five, and the correct one is probably the first.


External links

Add External links

This article "Abu Said Al-Sirafi" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles taken from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be accessed on Wikipedia's Draft Namespace.