Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di

From Wikitia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di
Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di.jpg
Born
Sheikh Abdul-Rahman ibn Nasir al-Sa'di

1889 (age 131–132)
Unayzah, al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia
DiedJune 24, 1956(1956-06-24) (aged 66–67)
CitizenshipSaudi
OccupationScholar
Teacher
Author
Parent(s)
  • Nasir al-Sa'di (father)
FamilyHamad ibn Nasir al-Sa'di (brother)

Sheikh Abdul-Rahman ibn Nasir al-Sa'di [ar. الشيخ عبد الرحمن بن ناصر السعدي] (1376-1956/1307-1889AH) was an Islamic scholar, teacher and author in Unayzah, al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia. He is also sometimes referred to as ibn al-Sa'di. He taught and authored more than 40 books in several different fields including tafsir, fiqh, and 'aqeedah.[1] He served as the imam and khateeb for the largest jami' mosque[2] and director of the religious training school, al-Ma'had al-'Ilmi, of Unayzah.[3]

Early Life

al-Sa'di was born in the city of Unayzah, al-Qassim, Saudi Arabia in 1889/1307AH. His father, Nasir al-Sa'di, was an imam and preacher in a mosque in the Unayzah.[4] His mother died when he was four years old, and his father passed away when he was seven. He was initially cared for by his father's second wife[5] and was later transferred to the guardianship of his oldest brother, Hamad ibn Nasir al-Sa'di.[6] He completed his memorization of the Qur’an by the age of eleven and then pursued religious education from the scholars in his locality.

Teachers

al-Sa'di had a number of teachers. These included[7][8]:

  • Sheikh Muhammad Abdul-Kareem ibn Shibl, under whom he studied fiqh, usool al-fiqh, and the Arabic language
  • Sheikh Abdullah ibn A'idh, under whom he studied fiqh, usool al-fiqh, and the Arabic language
  • Sheikh Ibrahim ibn Hamad ibn Jasir, under whom he studied tafsir, hadeeth and hadeeth sciences
  • Sheikh Sa'b al-Tuwayjiri, undr whom he studied fiqh and usool al-fiqh
  • Sheikh Ali ibn Muhammad al-Nasaa'i, under whom he studied usool al-deen
  • Sheikh Ali ibn Nasir ibn Wadi, under whom he studied hadeeth, tafsir, usool al-tafsir, and usool al-hadeeth, and was also granted ijazah in the six books of hadeeth
  • Sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqiti, under whom he studied tafsir, hadeeth, mustalah al-hadeeth, and the Arabic language
  • Sheikh Salih ibn Uthman Aal al-Qadhi, under whom he studied tawheed, tafsir, fiqh, and the Arabic language
  • Sheikh Muhammad al-Mani', under whom he studied the Arabic language
  • Sheikh Ibrahim ibn Salih ibn Isa, under whom he studied usool al-deen

Out of his teachers, al-Sa'di studied the most under sheikh Salih ibn Uthman Aal al-Qadhi and remained a regular student of his until al-Qadhi's death in 1932/1351AH.[9]

al-Sa'di studied under sheikh Muhammad al-Ameen al-Shinqiti when al-Shinqiti came to teach in Unayzah in 1911/1330AH.[10]

al-Sa'di also showed great interest in the writings of ibn Taymiyah and ibn al-Qayyim and was significantly influenced by their works.[11]

Professional Life

al-Sa'd began teaching at the age of 23.[12] He continued attending classes as a student while simultaneously teaching his own classes until 1931/1350AH when he dedicated himself entirely to teaching, writing, and delivering fatawa.[13] [2] In 1941/1360AH, al-Sa'di established a public library in Unayzah with funds provided by the governor.[14] In 1941/1360AH, al-Sa'di was appointed to be the qadhi (judge) of Unayzah, however he declined this position.[15] He was appointed as the imam and khateeb for the city's largest jami' mosque in Ramadan 1942/1361AH.[2] In 1953/1373AH, al-Sa'di was appointed as the director of the religious training school, al-Ma'had al-'Ilmi, of Unayzah.[3]

al-Sa'di was the first person to introduce loud speakers to the city of Unayzah, which was initially met with some resistance.[16] In response, he delivered a khutbah via loud speaker regarding the benefits of using modern technologies for spreading religious knowledge.[17]

Notable Students

al-Sa'di taught at least 35 students who went on to become imams, khateebs, judges, or teachers.[18] Two of his most famous students were Sheikh Muhammad ibn Salih al-'Uthaymeen and Sheikh Abdullah Aqeel.[19] al-Sa'di appointed al-'Uthaymeen to take over his role as the teacher and khateeb of the jami' mosque after his death.[20]

Written Works

al-Sa'di' authored more than 40 written works in multiple fields including tafsir, fiqh, hadith, and 'aqeedah.[1] Some of his works[21] include:

  • Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman, a tafsir of the entire Qur'an
  • Taysir al-Lateef al-Mannaan, a thematic tafsir of selected portions of the Qur'an
  • Qawa'id al-Hisan li-Tafsir al-Qur'an, a work on the principles of tafsir
  • al-Haqq al-Wadhih al-Mubeen fee Sharh Tawheed al-Anbiyaa w'al-Mursaleen, a work of 'aqeedah, which is an explanation of a portion of Nooniyah by ibn al-Qayyim[22]
  • al-Qawl al-Sadeed fee Maqasid al-Tawheed, an explanation of Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahab's Kitab al-Tawheed
  • al-Tawdheeh w'al-Bayan li-Shajarah al-Eemaan, a work of 'aqeedah
  • Mukhtasir al-Usool al-Fiqh, a work on the principles of fiqh
  • Bahjah al-Quloob al-Abrar, an explanation of 99 comprehensive hadith statements
  • Manhaj al-Salikeen, a work of fiqh

Illness and Death

In 1950/1371AH, al-Sa'di began suffering from health problems related to blood pressure and Atherosclerosis.[23] Upon hearing of his health problems, King Sa'ud sent two doctors via his personal jet to attend to sheikh al-Sa'di. The doctors recommended that he seek further treatment in Lebanon, where they accompanied him for a month-long stay in 1953/1373AH.[24] During this time he recovered but was advised to adopt a less strenuous lifestyle. After returing to Unayzah, he resumed his regular work as an imam, teacher, khateeb and author.[25] al-Sa'di passed away from the same set of health problems in 1956/1376AH.[26]

In the media

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 البسام, عبد الله. علماء نجد خلال ثمانية قرون. pp. 3/225.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 البسام. علماء نجد. pp. 2/424.
  3. 3.0 3.1 البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/30.
  4. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. تيسير اللطيف المنان. رياض: دار العاصمة. pp. 7–8.
  5. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. بهجة القلوب الأبرار. رياض: مكتبة الرشيد. p. 8.
  6. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. تيسير اللطيف المنان. رياض: دار العاصمة. p. 8.
  7. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. تيسير اللطيف المنان. رياض: دار العاصمة. p. 11.
  8. البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/39-43.
  9. البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/40.
  10. آل الشيخ. مشاهير علماء المجد. p. 392.
  11. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. تيسير اللطيف المنان. رياض: دار العاصمة. p. 9.
  12. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. فوائد مستنبطة من قصة يوسف. رياض: دار القاسم. pp. 9–10.
  13. البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/48-50.
  14. القاضي. روضة الناظرين. pp. 1/223.
  15. القاضي. روضة الناظرين. pp. 1/221.
  16. البدر, عبد الرزاق. الجامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/31.
  17. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. الخطب المنبرية. p. 81.
  18. البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/52-55.
  19. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. تيسير الكريم الرحمن. رياض: دار السلام. pp. 7–8.
  20. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. فوائد مستنبطة من قصة يوسف. رياض: دار القاسم. p. 11.
  21. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. المجموعة الكاملة لمؤلفات الشيخ عبد الرحمن بن ناصر السعدي.
  22. البدر, عبد الرزاق. جامع للمؤلفات والرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/75.
  23. البدر, عبد الرزاق. الجامع للمؤلفات الرسائل. المدينة المنورة: دار الإمام مسلم. pp. 3/32.
  24. القاضي. روضة الناظرين. pp. 1/225.
  25. آل الشيخ. مشاهير علماء نجد. p. 396.
  26. السعدي, عبد الرحمن. فوائد مستنبطة من قصة يوسف. رياض: دار القاسم. p. 12.

This article "Abdul-Rahman al-Sa'di" is from Wikipedia. The list of its authors can be seen in its historical. Articles taken from Draft Namespace on Wikipedia could be accessed on Wikipedia's Draft Namespace.