Ólafur Arnalds (scientist)

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Ólafur Arnalds (scientist)
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Born (1954-01-05) January 5, 1954 (age 68)
EducationBSc
MSc
PhD
Alma materUniversity of Iceland
Montana State University
Texas A&M University
OccupationScientist
Professor
Spouse(s)Dr. Ása L. Aradóttir
ChildrenArndís Ólafsdottir Arnalds
Guðmundur Ari Arnalds
AwardsNordic Council Environmental Prize (1998)

Ólafur Arnalds (born January 5th 1954) is a soil and environmental scientist and a professor at the Agricultural University of Iceland.[1]. His nephew of the same name is composer Ólafur Arnalds[2], and musician Ólöf Arnalds[3] is his niece. Ólafur Arnalds is one of the pioneers in soil science research in Iceland and is the author of “The Soils of Iceland” published by Springer. He is the main author of a soil map for Iceland[4]. He has contributed to international knowledge of soil of volcanic regions and authored overview publications on Andosols[5] and the impact of volcanic ash on ecosystems[6]. He lead the national mapping of the staggering soil erosion in Iceland[7] for which he received the prestigious Nordic Council Environmental Prize[8] in 1998. His research drew attention to the unique nature of Icelandic barren areas or “deserts”[9], the generously active wind erosion surface processes and the enormous dust production from the deserts, which rates among the highest in the world[10].

Dr. Arnalds led the development of the Icelandic farmland landcover database (Nytjaland)[11], He has also been highly involved in land condition assessment methods and land use issues, often together with Dr. Ása L. Aradóttir, and both have been involved in carbon cycling and ecological restoration research. Dr. Arnalds and Dr. Aradóttir were among the founders of the UN UNESCO Land Restoration Training Program in Iceland[12] (formerly with the UN University). Ólafur Arnalds has advocated strongly, both at scientific and political levels, for tailoring sheep production in Iceland to the condition of the land[13]

Olafur Arnalds is married to Dr. Ása L. Aradóttir[14] professor at the Agricultural University of Iceland. They have two children, Arndís Ólafsdottir Arnalds[15], engineer at Reykjavik Veitur (Reykjavik Utilities) and Guðmundur Ari Arnalds (G. Arnalds), anthropologist and composer[16]

Ólafur Arnalds studied geology at the University of Iceland (BSc) and soil science at Montana State University (MSc) and he received a PhD in soil science from Texas A&M University in 1990.

External Links

References

  1. "Olafur Arnalds - soil scientist - www.moldin.net". Olafur Arnalds - soil scientist - www.moldin.net. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  2. "Ólafur Arnalds", Wikipedia, 2019-12-21, retrieved 2020-03-12
  3. "Ólöf Arnalds", Wikipedia, 2020-01-24, retrieved 2020-03-12
  4. Ólafur Arnalds,. The soils of Iceland. Dordrecht. ISBN 978-94-017-9621-7. OCLC 899495738.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  5. Dahlgren, Randy A.; Macías, Felipe; Arbestain, Marta Camps; Chesworth, Ward; Robarge, Wayne P.; Macías, Felipe; Bache, Bryon W.; Emerson, W. W.; Hartmann, Roger (2008), "Andosols", Encyclopedia of Soil Science, Springer Netherlands, pp. 39–46, ISBN 978-1-4020-3994-2, retrieved 2020-03-12
  6. Arnalds, Olafur (2013), "The Influence of Volcanic Tephra (Ash) on Ecosystems", Advances in Agronomy, Elsevier, pp. 331–380, ISBN 978-0-12-407685-3, retrieved 2020-03-12
  7. Arnalds, Olafur (2006-10-19), "Iceland", Soil Erosion in Europe, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, pp. 43–55, ISBN 978-0-470-85920-9, retrieved 2020-03-12
  8. "The Nordic Council Environment Prize | Nordic cooperation". www.norden.org. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  9. Arnalds, O.; Gisladottir, F.O.; Sigurjonsson, H. (2001). "Sandy deserts of Iceland: an overview". Journal of Arid Environments. 47 (3): 359–371. doi:10.1006/jare.2000.0680. ISSN 0140-1963.
  10. Arnalds, Olafur; Dagsson-Waldhauserova, Pavla; Olafsson, Haraldur (2016). "The Icelandic volcanic aeolian environment: Processes and impacts — A review". Aeolian Research. 20: 176–195. doi:10.1016/j.aeolia.2016.01.004. ISSN 1875-9637.
  11. "ArcGIS Web Application". lbhi.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  12. GRÓ. "GRÓ LRT". GRÓ LRT. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  13. Arnalds, Olafur (2019). "Development of Perverse Environmental Subsides for Sheep Production in Iceland". Agricultural Sciences. 10 (09): 1135–1151. doi:10.4236/as.2019.109086. ISSN 2156-8553.
  14. "Ása L. Aradóttir". Ása L. Aradóttir. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  15. "Veitur - Við rekum hita-, raf-, vatns- og fráveitu víða á Suðvesturlandi". www.veitur.is. Retrieved 2020-03-12.
  16. "agalma". agalma. Retrieved 2020-03-12.

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