Template:Infobox scientist

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Infobox scientist
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{{Infobox scientist}} may be used to summarize information about a person who is a scientist, medic, engineer, mathematician or (scientific) academic.

This template may also be used as a module (sub-template) of {{Infobox person}}; see Wikipedia:Infobox modules for guidance on such usage.

Usage

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Blank syntax

This infobox may be added to an article by copy-pasting the code below at the start of the article, completing it (and/or replacing any of the commented information) and then grouping those parameters left unused together.

{{Infobox scientist
| honorific_prefix  = 
| name              = 
| honorific_suffix  = 
| native_name       = 
| native_name_lang  = 
| image             = <!--(filename only, i.e. without "File:" prefix)-->
| image_size        = 
| image_upright     = 
| alt               = 
| caption           = 
| birth_name        = <!-- if different from "name" -->
| birth_date        = <!--{{birth date |YYYY|MM|DD}}-->
| birth_place       = 
| death_date        = <!--{{death date and age |YYYY|MM|DD |YYYY|MM|DD}} (death date then birth date)-->
| death_place       = 
| death_cause       = 
| resting_place     = 
| resting_place_coordinates = <!--{{coord|LAT|LONG|type:landmark|display=inline,title}}-->
| home_town         =
| other_names       = 
| pronounce         =
| residence         = 
| citizenship       = 
| nationality       = 
| fields            = 
| workplaces        = 
| patrons           = 
| education         = 
| alma_mater        = 
| thesis_title      = <!--(or  | thesis1_title =  and  | thesis2_title = )-->
| thesis_url        = <!--(or  | thesis1_url  =   and  | thesis2_url  =  )-->
| thesis_year       = <!--(or  | thesis1_year =   and  | thesis2_year =  )-->
| doctoral_advisor  = <!--(or  | doctoral_advisors = )-->
| academic_advisors = 
| doctoral_students = 
| notable_students  = 
| known_for         = 
| influences        = 
| influenced        = 
| awards            = 
| author_abbrev_bot = 
| author_abbrev_zoo = 
| spouse            = <!--(or | spouses = )-->
| partner           = <!--(or | partners = )-->
| children          = 
| signature         = <!--(filename only)-->
| signature_alt     = 
| website           = <!--{{URL|www.example.com}}-->
| footnotes         = 
}}

Parameters

All parameters are optional. (If no name is provided, the infobox defaults to the article's name.)

Parameter Explanation
name Insert name of scientist, mathematician or engineer. (Defaults to article title if left blank.) Note: Do not include honorifics, icons, or other images.
native_name The person's name in their own language, if different
native_name_lang IETF language tag e.g. "fr" for French – If more than one, use {{lang}} in native_name= instead.
image Filename of appropriate image (without "File:" prefix)
image_size
imagesize
Image's width (uses users' default image size if not set)
image_upright Scales the image thumbnail from its default size by the given factor. Values less than 1 scale the image down (0.9 = 90%) and values greater than 1 scale the image up (1.15 = 115%).
alt Image alt text, for visually impaired readers – See WP:ALT.
caption Image caption – If known, include date the image made and/or creator.
birth_name Birth name – Use only if different from name in header.
birth_date Scientist's date of birth
birth_place Place of birth (e.g. town/city, region, country)
death_date Date of death
death_place Place of death (e.g. town/city, region, country)
resting_place Place of burial, ash-scattering, etc.
resting_place_coordinates Coordinates for place of burial, ash-scattering etc. – Use {{coord}} template.
other_names Former names or nicknames – Separate multiple values by using {{Plainlist}}.
residence Place or places where the scientist lived (for significant periods)
home_town The place where the person was raised and matured, if different from birth place and residence.
citizenship Scientist's citizenship
nationality Use if nationality not the same as citizenship above.
fields Principal fields of work (physics, chemistry, biology, mathematics, engineering, &c) not occupation (physicist...engineer)
workplaces Key work places, universities, companies, etc.
patrons People who subsidized the scientist's education and/or research
education Education, e.g. degree, institution and graduation year, if relevant. If very little information is available or relevant, the |alma_mater= parameter may be more appropriate.
alma_mater University or universities where scientist obtained their degree or degrees
thesis_title Title of the scientist's doctoral thesis
thesis_url URL to the scientist's doctoral thesis
thesis_year The year the thesis was defended and the scientist promoted
doctoral_advisor Name of scientist's doctoral advisor, if applicable
academic_advisors Names of any significant educational advisors (other than doctoral advisor)
doctoral_students Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist
notable_students Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist
known_for Key topics/areas of study in which the scientist is notable
author_abbrev_bot If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here.
author_abbrev_zoo If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here.
influences Any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly
influenced Any notable people significantly influenced by the scientist
awards Notable awards/prizes received by the scientist
signature Filename of an image of the scientist's signature (if available)
signature_alt Alt text for signature
website Official website
footnotes For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above
spouse The scientist's spouse or spouses (with date ranges of marriage)
children Number of children (e.g. three or 3), or list of names if notable, in which case, separate entries using {{Plainlist}} or {{Unbulleted list}}. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of children of living persons, unless the children are independently notable.

Guidelines

Note: "Lists" in the following are usually suitable for presentation using {{ublist}} (unbulleted list, one item per line) or {{hlist}} (horizontal list, item by item with linewrap).

name
This is the name that scientist was usually known by. Do not put the full expanded name here.
image
This is the portrait or photo of the scientist. If there is a choice between good images, chose the one from a period where the scientist's work flourished. Avoid photos where the scientist was a child or very elderly, unless there is nothing else available, or the scientist is still alive and elderly.
image_size
This should normally be left at the default image size which will let users change the size to their own preference.
alt
This should describe only the visual appearance of the image, for visually-impaired readers. It should not repeat the caption. See WP:ALT.
caption
The caption should contain the full expanded name of the scientist, year or birth and death, if available, and any relevant details about the photo or portrait.
birth_name
Birth name of scientist. Use only if different from name in header. This parameter will be displayed in the "born" field, before birth date and birthplace.
birth_date
Birth date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientist's age.
birth_place
Birthplace of scientist. Put town/city followed by country.
death_date
Death date of scientist. Use the full formatting that computes the scientists age.
death_place
Death place of scientist. Put town/city followed by country. Note: this is the place where the person died, which might be different from burial place.
resting_place 
Where the scientist was buried, or their ashes scattered
resting_place_coordinates
WGS84 coordinates for |resting_place. Only use if known precisely (i.e. do not give generic coordinates for the cemetery). Use {{Coord}}.
pronounce
How to say a person's name generally written in the International Phonetic Alphabet
residence
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. These are places where the scientist lived for significant periods. The intention is that these are countries of domicile. Do not include countries where the scientist temporarily resided for brief collaboration or study leave.
citizenship
List countries only. Put a line break after each one. This is the scientist's citizenship, which often can be different from country of domicile or residency.
nationality
List country only. Only insert this if it is different from citizenship.
fields
List the scientist's principal field or fields of work as described in the article, e.g. Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, Physiology, Molecular biology, Electronic engineering etc. Avoid using occupations, e.g., Physicist, Zoologist, Surgeon, Inventor.
workplaces
List the key work places, universities, companies, organizations etc., at which the scientist worked. Include places where the scientist was officially appointed with a payroll. Exclude minor places at which the scientist performed collaborative visits, or had adjunct appointments.
patrons
List notable benefactors who financially supported the scientist's education and/or research.
alma_mater
List the universities where the scientist obtained all his/her degrees from. In anomalous cases where a degree was carried out remotely or in a different university to the university that administered the degree, insert the administering university. The main article can then discuss the specific situation.
thesis_title
(or thesis1_title and thesis2_title)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate or doctorates, insert the thesis/theses titles, otherwise leave blank.
thesis_url
(or thesis1_url and thesis2_url)  A link or links to e.g. abstract/s of the scientist's thesis/theses at a university library, or their homepage, etc.
thesis_year
(or thesis1_year and thesis2_year)  The year/s in which the scientist's thesis/theses were published.
doctoral_advisor
(or doctoral_advisors)  If the scientist obtained a doctorate, insert their doctoral advisor or advisors, otherwise leave blank.
academic_advisors 
Insert names of significant academic teachers other than the doctoral advisor: e.g. Master's advisor, postdoctoral supervisor, significant undergraduate mentor/teacher etc. In Cambridge, before 1919, there was no doctorate and so you can insert the relevant Cambridge tutor.
doctoral_students 
Insert names of doctoral students supervised by the scientist. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out. It can be reinstated once such an article appears. The idea is to list only those students who are significant enough to warrant their own article.
notable_students
Insert names of any notable non-doctoral students taught or supervised by the scientist. These can be undergraduates, postdocs, masters students etc. If a student does not have a wiki article, then comment the name out.
known_for
Insert the key topics/areas for which the scientist is notable, e.g. "discovering the electron". In the case of prolific scientists, preferably list the discoveries named after the scientist, e.g. "Maxwell's equations". In the case where a scientist is so prolific that a whole wiki article listing the discoveries exists, insert a link to that page under the label (in italics) "see list" (i.e. ''[[(link)|see list]]'').
author_abbrev_bot 
If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
author_abbrev_zoo 
If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation here. Otherwise leave blank.
spouse
(or spouses)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's spouse/s.
partner
(or partners)  Name/s of / link/s to the scientist's partner/s.
influences
List names of any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly. Influences should be restricted to a small number, i.e. two or three, where the scientist was clearly and directly building on the work of a predecessor (for example, the scientist may have identified a predecessor as providing the foundation for one of their major achievements). Unless the scientist was clearly building on an earlier work, avoid adding influences that were only via study, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influences who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
influenced
List names of any notable people who were significantly influenced by the scientist. Influenced should be restricted to a small number (perhaps two or three), where the scientist clearly and directly provided the foundation for work by a later thinker. For example, the scientist may be named by the later thinker as providing the basis for one of their major works. Unless the later thinker was clearly building on the scientist's work, avoid adding names that were only influenced by study of the scientist, as such influences are generally too many and hard to separate. Only list influenced people who are notable enough to warrant their own wiki article.
awards
List major awards. Put year of award in brackets after name of award. Insert a line break after each award. Avoid awards that are not significant enough to withstand their own wiki article description.
signature
Filename of an image of the scientist's handwritten signature (if available).
signature_alt 
Alt text for the signature. Typically this is just the text of the signature (e.g. "Is. Newton" for File:Isaac Newton signature.svg).
website
Official website only. Unofficial websites should be placed under ==External links== in the body of the article. Use {{URL}} as {{URL|www.example.com}}.
footnotes
For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above. This section is also often used to add extra notable items, typically, if the scientist is a relative of another person with a wiki article.
Common errors to avoid
  • Always copy and paste the infobox template from here, not another article, in order to guarantee the full correct version.
  • If a field does not apply, leave it blank. Do not delete it. This is because is acts as a place-holder and future editors may find a field applies after all. You may put a comment in the blank field that it is not applicable if you are sure of this.

Example

Paul Dirac
Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
Born(1902-08-08)8 August 1902
Bristol, England
Died20 October 1984(1984-10-20) (aged 82)
Tallahassee, Florida, US
Residence
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
NationalityBritish
Alma mater
Known for
Seminal contributions to quantum mechanics
Awards1933  Nobel Prize in Physics
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics (theoretical)
Institutions
Doctoral advisorRalph Fowler
Doctoral students
{{Infobox scientist
| name = Paul Dirac
| image = Paul Dirac, 1933.jpg
| alt = Head of man in his thirties with tousled hair sticking up and a small mustache
| caption = <!--(not needed as image is straightforward portrait)-->
| birth_date = {{birth date|1902|8|8|df=y}}
| birth_place = [[Bristol]], England
| death_date = {{death date and age|1984|10|20|1902|8|8|df=y}}
| death_place = [[Tallahassee]], Florida, US
| residence = {{Unbulleted list |United Kingdom |United States}}
| nationality = [[British nationality|British]]
| fields = [[Physics]] ([[Theoretical physics|theoretical]])
| workplaces = {{Unbulleted list |[[University of Cambridge|Cambridge University]] |[[Florida State University]]}}
| alma_mater = {{Unbulleted list |[[University of Bristol]] |Cambridge University}}
| doctoral_advisor = [[Ralph Fowler]]
| doctoral_students = {{ublist |[[Homi J. Bhabha|Homi Bhabha]] |[[Harish-Chandra|Harish Chandra Mehrotra]] |[[Denis Sciama|Dennis Sciama]] |[[Behram Kurşunoğlu]] |[[John Polkinghorne]] |[[Per-Olov Löwdin]]}}
| known_for = {{longitem|Seminal contributions to [[quantum mechanics]]}}
| awards = {{smaller|1933{{nbsp|2}}}}[[Nobel Prize in Physics]]
}}

TemplateData

TemplateData documentation used by VisualEditor and other tools
See the monthly parameter usage report for this template.

TemplateData for Infobox scientist

<templatedata> { "params": { "name": { "label": "Name", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Name of scientist" }, "native_name": { "label": "Native Name", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "The person's name in their own language, if different." }, "native_name_lang": { "label": "Native Name Lang", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Name of scientist in other language" }, "image": { "label": "Image", "type": "wiki-page-name", "required": false, "description": "Image of scientist" }, "image_size": { "aliases": [ "imagesize" ], "label": "Image Size", "type": "number", "required": false, "description": "Image's width" }, "alt": { "label": "Alternate Text", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Image alt text, for visually impaired readers" }, "caption": { "label": "Caption", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Image caption if known" }, "birth_name": { "label": "Birth Name", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Scientist's birth name" }, "birth_date": { "label": "Birth Date", "type": "line", "required": false, "description": "Scientist's date of birth" }, "birth_place": { "label": "Birth Place", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Place of birth" }, "death_date": { "label": "Death Date", "type": "line", "required": false, "description": "Date of death" }, "death_place": { "label": "Death Place", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Place of death" }, "resting_place": { "label": "Resting Place", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Place of burial" }, "resting_place_coordinates": { "label": "Resting Place Coordinates", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Coordinates for place of burial" }, "other_names": { "label": "Other Names", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Former- or nick- names" }, "residence": { "label": "Residence", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Place or places where the scientist lived" }, "citizenship": { "label": "Citizenship", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Scientist's citizenship." }, "nationality": { "label": "Nationality", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Nationality of scientist" }, "fields": { "label": "Fields", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Principal fields of work not occupation " }, "workplaces": { "label": "Workplaces", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "workplace where scientist worked" }, "patrons": { "label": "Patrons", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Notable people who subsidized the scientist's education and/or research" }, "alma_mater": { "label": "Alma Mater", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "University or universities where scientist obtained their degree or degrees" }, "thesis_title": { "label": "Thesis Title", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Title of the scientist's doctoral thesis." }, "thesis_url": { "label": "Thesis Url", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "URL to the scientist's doctoral thesis" }, "thesis_year": { "label": "Thesis Year", "type": "line", "required": false, "description": "The year the thesis was defended and the scientist promoted." }, "doctoral_advisor": { "label": "Doctoral Advisor", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Name of scientist's doctoral advisor, if applicable" }, "academic_advisors": { "label": "Academic Advisors", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Names of any significant educational advisors" }, "doctoral_students": { "label": "Doctoral Students", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Names of any notable doctoral students advised by the scientist" }, "notable_students": { "label": "Notable Students", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Names of any notable non-doctoral students advised by the scientist." }, "known_for": { "label": "Known For", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": " topics/areas of study in which the scientist notable." }, "author_abbrev_bot": { "label": "Author Abbrev Bot", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "If a scientist is the author of a botanical species, insert their botanical author abbreviation" }, "author_abbrev_zoo": { "label": "Author Abbrev Zoo", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "If a scientist is the author of a zoological species, insert their zoological author abbreviation" }, "influences": { "label": "Influences", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Any notable people who influenced the scientist significantly" }, "influenced": { "label": "Influenced", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Any notable people significantly influenced by the scientist." }, "awards": { "label": "Awards", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Notable awards/prizes received by the scientist." }, "signature": { "label": "Signature", "type": "wiki-page-name", "required": false, "description": "Filename of an image of the scientist's signature" }, "signature_alt": { "label": "Signature Alt", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Alt text for signature." }, "website": { "label": "Website", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Official website" }, "footnotes": { "label": "Footnotes", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "For any footnotes needed to clarify entries above." }, "spouse": { "label": "Spouse", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "The scientist's spouse or spouses" }, "children": { "label": "Children", "type": "string", "required": false, "description": "Number of children (e.g. three or 3), or list of names, in which case, separate entries using Template:Plainlist or Template:Unbulleted list. For privacy reasons, consider omitting the names of children of living persons, unless the children are independently notable." }, "home_town": { "label": "Home town", "description": "The place where the person was raised and matured, if different from birth place and residence." } }, "format": "block" } </templatedata>

Microformats

The HTML markup produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the person's details parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue articles across Wikipedia or via a browser tool operated by a reader, to (for example) add the subject to an address book or database. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Sub-templates

Date-of-birth ("bday") information will only be included in the microformat if {{birth date}}, or {{birth date and age}} are used in the infobox. (Do not use these if the date is before 1583). Be cautious about using these if the person is still living, per WP:DOB.

To include a URL, use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

Classes

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • bday
  • birthplace
  • category
  • country-name
  • deathdate
  • deathplace
  • extended-address
  • family-name
  • fn (required)
  • given-name
  • honorific-prefix
  • honorific-suffix
  • label
  • locality
  • n
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • role
  • url
  • vcard

Please do not rename or remove these classes nor collapse nested elements which use them.

Category added by this template

Tracking categories