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Alberto Nicasio (August 10, 1902 - July 4, 1980) was an Argentine artist (Woodcut) and educator. He was a member of the Argentinian National Academy of Arts.[1][2][3][4][5][6] A street in the city of Córdoba, Argentina and a primary school in the province are named after him.[2][7]

Alberto Nicasio
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Born
Alberto Nicasio

(1902-08-10)10 August 1902
Marseille, France
Died4 July 1980(1980-07-04) (aged 77)
Córdoba, Argentina
NationalityArgentine
CitizenshipArgentina
Occupation
  • Painting
  • Engraving
  • Illustration

Contents

Biography

Alberto Nicasio was born in Marseille, France, on 10 August 1902, the son of Alfredo Nicasio and Eugenia Lasserre. As a young child, his parents decided to settle in the city of Oran, Algeria (then French territory), but due to the outbreak of the World War I, the family decided to emigrate to Argentina in 1916, finally settling in the city of Córdoba, Argentina. There, Nicasio trained in drawing and painting at the Provincial School of Fine Arts with masters such as Emiliano Gómez Clara, Manuel Cardeñosa and Carlos Camiloni, and then began to study the technique of wood engraving [8] [9] [1]. He married María Elena Las Heras in 1930 [10] and had two daughters, María Elena and Carmen Olga.

As an artist, he participated in biennials in São Paulo, Mexico and Switzerland; he also participated in group exhibitions in the United States, Japan, Belgium, the Vatican, Spain, Chile, Uruguay and Brazil [11] [12] [8] [9] [13] [1] [2]. He illustrated various books, such as Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, José Hernández (writer) Martín Fierro, Adonais, Percy Bysshe Shelley and 30 woodcuts on William Henry Hudson's Tierra Purpúrea [14] [1] [2], among others. A number of exhibitions of his work were held posthumously [15] [16].

Description of his work

He began experimenting with drawing and oil painting, and took part in group exhibitions in 1927 [17] and 1928 [18]. Later, however, he abandoned his period as a painter and transitioned to woodcut, to which he dedicated the rest of his life [19] [20] [21] [8].

Alberto Nicasio's oeuvre can be divided into periods in which his art varied. The first period was marked by a figurative character, depicting urban and suburban landscapes of Córdoba. These early engravings show the façades of buildings symbolic of Córdoba's colonial period, such as the Cathedral of Córdoba, Argentina, or the buildings of the complex known as La Manzana Jesuítica, which includes the Compañía de Jesús and the Colegio Nacional de Montserrat. Also of note during this period were his landscape engravings such as La Cañada de Córdoba, as well as others such as the Barrancas de Córdoba and the old Suburbio Cordobés [22] [23].

"Puente sobre la calle Colón" (Bridge over Colón street), woodcut by Alberto Nicasio, 1944.

As a result of his interest in avant-garde art, he later began to experiment with geometrisation and abstract art. Thus, the following period of his work is characterised by a tendency towards abstraction, with simpler and more schematic forms, which would later evolve towards a more surrealist period [8] [2] [24] [25].

A final period is characterised by the irruption of colour in engraving, in sharp contrast with his previous work in monochrome. At this stage, with the use of saturated inks (red, green and ochre), he approaches a neo-figurativism, but more synthetic and schematic [2].

"Formas espaciadas" (Spaced shapes), polychrome woodcut by Alberto Nicasio. 1970

"Formas contrastadas" (Contrasted shapes), polychrome woodcut by Alberto Nicasio. 1970

Teaching

An important part of his life was his vocation as a teacher, in which he was dedicated to training successive generations of students. Some of them would later become renowned Argentine artists, such as Pedro Pont Vergés; Marcelo Bonevardi; Ronaldo de Juan; Alfio Grifasi; César Miranda, Raúl Pecker; José De Monte and Antonio Seguí, among others [26].

He taught in normal and secondary schools [8]. He began teaching drawing at the Escuelas Pías (1931-1932) and at the Colegio Santo Tomás (1932-1942). Later he was founder and director of the School of Engraving of the Society of Artists of Córdoba; professor of engraving at the Association of Painters and Sculptors of Córdoba (1939-1940). He founded the first engraving workshop in Córdoba at the Escuela Normal Superior Dr. Agulla (1942-1947) [2] [27]. In 1950, he won the Chair of Engraving and later the directorship of the Escuela Superior de Artes (today the Faculty of Arts) of the National University of Córdoba [27].

Alberto Nicasio in his woodcut workshop at the Normal School

Illustrated books

  • Niobe, by Jorge M. Furt. Editorial Colombo Buenos Aires, 1943.
  • Adonais. Elegy of Percy Bysshe Shelley. Published by Asociación Argentina de Cultura Británica. 1944.
  • Doña Bárbara, by Rómulo Gallegos. Ediciones Peuser. 1945.
  • Martín Fierro, by José Hernández (writer). Peuser Editions, 1951.
  • El Salto de Ascochinga, Lucio Vicente López. Argentine Society of Bibliophiles. Buenos Aires, 1952.
  • Coral- Ese muro lejano, by Jorge M. Furt. Editorial Colombo Buenos Aires, 1952.
  • Facundo, by Domingo Faustino Sarmiento. Ediciones Peuser, 1955.
  • The Raven, by Edgar Allan Poe (in press).

"Adonais" edition with illustrations by Alberto Nicasio

Edition of "Martín Fierro", by José Hernández, with illustrations by Alberto Nicasio.

Permanent collections

  • Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires)
  • Museum of Fine Arts, La Plata
  • Vatican Museums
  • New York Public Library
  • Riverside Museum of New York
  • Thomas Watson Museum New York
  • Caraffa Fine Arts Museum
  • Genaro Pérez Municipal Museum, Córdoba
  • Juan B. Castagnino Fine Arts Museum
  • Municipal Museum of Fine Arts, Tandil, Tandil
  • Municipal Museum of Río Cuarto, Río Cuarto
  • Museo Provincial de Bellas Artes, Santiago del Estero, Santiago del Estero, Argentina
  • Provincial Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe
  • Guiñazú Museum (Fader House), of Mendoza
  • Rosa Galisteo de Rodriguez Provincial Museum, Santa Fe

Exhibitions

  • 1937 Los Principios Newspaper, Córdoba
  • 1938 Solo Exhibition at Reflex Gallery, Córdoba
  • 1939 San Rafael, Mendoza
  • 1939 Rivadavia Library, Mendoza
  • 1941 International Exhibition of Engraving, Riverside Museum of New York
  • 1942 Argentinean Association of English Culture, Córdoba
  • 1942 Provincial Directorate of Tourism, Córdoba
  • 1944 Argentinean-North American Cultural Institute, Córdoba
  • 1944 Municipal Museum of Rosario, Santa Fe
  • 1945 Exhibition of works by Argentinean engravers, Metropolitan Museum of New York, United States
  • 1946 General Directorate of Tourism, Córdoba
  • 1946 Exhibition of 10 engravings, National Salon of Montevideo, Uruguay
  • 1949 Panamerican Union of Washington, USA
  • 1949 Exhibition of Argentinean Engravers, National University of Chile, Chile
  • 1956 Avellaneda Art Museum, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1961 Exhibition of Argentinean Engravings, Japan
  • 1963 Casa de la Cultura, Córdoba
  • 1964 Feldman Gallery, Córdoba
  • 1967 Feldman Gallery, Córdoba
  • 1970 Vatican Museum
  • 1980 Posthumous Exhibition, Feldman Gallery, Córdoba
  • 1982 Municipal Museum of Fine Arts, Doctor Genaro Pérez, Córdoba
  • 1984 Alberto Nicasio, Homage Exhibition, Agencia Diario Clarin, Córdoba
  • 1985 Homage exhibition, Caraffa Museum, Córdoba
  • 1988 Alberto Nicasio retrospective exhibition of woodcuts, Gaudí Gallery, Córdoba
  • 1989 National Radio Exhibition Hall, Córdoba
  • 1989 Exhibition at the Independencia Foundation, Córdoba
  • 1994 Churches of Córdoba: woodcuts by Alberto Nicasio, Museum of Religious Art Juan de Tejeda, Córdoba
  • 1995 Genaro Pérez Museum, Córdoba
  • 1997 Xilographs by Alberto Nicasio, National Museum of Engraving, Buenos Aires

Awards and distinctions

  • 1933 Concejo Deliberante Award, I Salón de Otoño, Córdoba
  • 1934 Acquisition Award, II Provincial Salon of Fine Arts, Córdoba
  • 1935 National Senate Prize, III Autumn Salon, Córdoba
  • 1936 Prize in Engraving, IV Salón de Otoño, Córdoba
  • 1939 Laura Barberá de Díaz Award. Gold Medal. XXIX National Salon of Fine Arts, Buenos Aires.
  • 1941 First Prize in Engraving. National Salon of Fine Arts.
  • 1942 First Prize for Engraving. II Municipal Salon of Fine Arts, Córdoba
  • 1942 Founding member of the Society of Plastic Artists of Córdoba.
  • 1943 Acquisition Prize. Rosario Engraving Salon, Castagnino Museum.
  • 1945 Salvador Caputto Award. XXII Annual Santa Fe Fine Arts Salon.
  • 1946 First Prize Alejandro Shaw, XXXI Salon of Watercolourists and Engravers, Buenos Aires
  • 1946 Acquisition Prize. II Plastic Arts Salon of the Jockey Club of Córdoba.
  • 1948 Secretary of Industry, Apprenticeship and Professional Orientation Award, II Salón del Trabajo. Municipal Museum of Fine Arts, Santa Fe
  • 1949 First Prize for Engraving. Autumn Exhibition, Córdoba
  • 1950 First Prize, IX Mar del Plata Art Salon. Mar del Plata
  • 1951 Prins Grand Prize 1951. National Academy of Fine Arts.
  • 1951 National University of Córdoba Award. Argentine Salon of Plastic Arts
  • 1951 Grand Prize of Honour. National Ministry of Education.
  • 1952 First Prize in Engraving and Drawing, II Plastic Arts Salon, Córdoba.
  • 1953 First Prize, Municipal Salon of Plastic Arts, Córdoba.
  • 1956 Grand Prize of Honour, National Salon of Fine Arts, Buenos Aires
  • 1956 Medal, Brussels International Exhibition
  • 1956 Medal Honorable Senate of the Nation. Gold Medal
  • 1957 Grand Prize of Honour in Engraving. Mar del Plata Salon
  • 1958 First Prize at the Santa Fe Salon
  • 1960 First Prize. National Salon on Historical Art, Buenos Aires
  • 1963 Grand Prize of Honour. Plastic Arts Salon of Córdoba
  • 1968 Prize for Intellectual Production. Plastic Arts of Córdoba
  • 1970 Second Prize in Engraving, III Annual Salon of APAC, Córdoba
  • 1973 Member of the National Academy of Fine Arts.

Bibliography

  • Grimaut, Azor. "La Cañada. Estampas de Córdoba". 1944
  • Nicasio, Alberto. 30 Xilografías de Alberto Nicasio - Sobre motivos de "La Tierra Purpúrea", de Guillermo Enrique Hudson. Ed. Litvack, Córdoba.
  • Nicasio, Alberto. Capillas Coloniales de Córdoba. Ed. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, 1961.
  • Nicasio, Alberto. La Cañada. Carpeta con 10 xilografías. Ed. Litvack, Córdoba.
  • Nicasio, Alberto. Monumentos Coloniales de Córdoba. Ed. Biffignandi, Córdoba, 1956.
  • Pécora, Óscar, y Barranco, Ulises (eds.), Sesenta y cinco grabados en madera. La xilografía en el Río de la Plata, Buenos Aires, Ediciones Plástica, 1943.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "Muestra homenaje a Alberto Nicasio". Diario La Voz del Interior, 22 August 1982.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 "Alberto Nicasio: el cantar de la madera", por Armando Sica. Diario La Voz del Interior, 1 July 1984.
  3. "Muestra de Nicasio en la Fundación Independencia". Diario La Voz del Interior, 2 June 1989.
  4. "Grabados de Nicasio". Diario La Voz del Interior, 1 July 1989.
  5. "Muestra-homenaje a Alberto Nicasio". Diario La Voz del Interior, 4 July 1985.
  6. "Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes - Folleto 1936-1976". Compañía Impresora Argentina, 29 July 1976.
  7. "Alberto Nicasio", por Carlos A. Ighina. Revista Centro de Participación Comunal, year 1, number one, November 1994, Municipalidad de Córdoba.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 8.4 "El autor del milagro: Alberto Nicasio o la sugerencia". Diario La Voz del Interior, 2 de marzo de 1980.
  9. 9.0 9.1 "Falleció Alberto Nicasio: figura señera de la plástica cordobesa", Diario La Voz del Interior, 6 de julio de 1980.
  10. "Cómo viven y piensan los que cultivan las Bellas Letras y el Arte: Se propone ilustrar el Facundo, de Sarmiento, Alberto Nicasio, xilografista de personalidad". Diario La Voz del Interior, 7 de febrero de 1935.
  11. "Prison Museum to feature Argentinian Art Engraving". Burlington County Herald, 25 de setiembre de 1969.
  12. "Argentine Art Engraving to be shown at museum". Sunday Times Advertiser, 28 de setiembre de 1969.
  13. "Exhibits of Art". The Magazine. 12 de diciembre 1982.
  14. El Grabado en las Ediciones Argentinas, Museo del Grabado. Biblioteca Nacional. Octubre de 1967
  15. "Continúan exponiendo". Diario La Voz del Interior, 18 de julio de 1985.
  16. "Exposiciones: Genaro Pérez". Diario La Voz del Interior, 4 de julio de 1995.
  17. "En el Primer Salón de Arte se revelan nuevos y vigorosos artistas". Diario La Voz del Interior, 23 de noviembre de 1927.
  18. "Ecos del segundo salón de arte libre". Diario La Voz del Interior, 28 de noviembre de 1928.
  19. "Obras que figuran en el II Salón Anual de Bellas Artes de Córdoba". Diario La Prensa, 15 de noviembre de 1934.
  20. "Exposición de grabadores argentinos premiados en el Salón Nacional". Diario La Prensa, 13 de agosto de 1944.
  21. "Noticias del Ministerio de Educación, Provincia de Buenos Aires", 14 de marzo de 1957.
  22. "Córdoba de ayer en las xilografías de Nicasio", Diario La Voz del Interior, 22 de julio de 1984.
  23. "La cuenca desbordada". Diario La Voz del Interior, 12 de diciembre de 2019.
  24. Arte de la Argentina: Nicasio, Alberto.
  25. Diccionario de Artistas Plásticos de Córdoba: Nicasio, Alberto
  26. "El recuerdo de Alberto Nicasio". Guía de Córdoba Cultural, Subsecretaría de Cultura de la Municipalidad de Córdoba, núm. 16 de octubre de 1982.
  27. 27.0 27.1 "Artes, de un edificio a otro". Revista Virtual. Facultad de Filosofía y Humanidades. Universidad Nacional de Córdoba

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